The Barracuda researchers have seen a rise in the use of modular malware since 2019 has celebrated its new year. The latest analysis of the email attacks targeting the Barracuda customers have identified over 150,000 unique malicious files in the first five months of the year or the first half of the year approximately. The cybercriminals utilizes the email service to deliver the modular malicious software that is also known as the “Modular Malware”. A latest trend that has been in the state of increment shows that the modular malware provides architecture that is more humongous, ambiguous and treacherous than the usually typical document-based or web-based malware.

The modular malware includes (and can selectively launch as well) different payloads and functionalities that depends on the target and the objective of the attack. Most of the modular malware is distributed as the document attachment that is sent through the spam to broadly-circulated email lists. The entire email lists are sold, traded, aggregated, and revised in sequence as they circulate through the dark web. As soon as the infected document is opened, either the modular malware is automatically installed in the systems or a heavily muddled macro script is utilized to download and install the malware from an external source (or might be termed as the risky source).

Comparing the phishing attacks and the malware attacks, occasionally a link or the other clickable item is used. But as the botnets rose executing the commands that are provided by the cybercriminals and the malware written for the widespread distribution, modularity in general has become the new tradition.  The malware authors are increasingly becoming organized and continue to adopt and as well as implement the latest or trending software-industry practices that even includes quality assurance and testing in order to improve the success of the attacks. In response to the demand of the aforesaid in the bid to meet multiple needs with at least one widely-distributed malware file, the modular malware has evolved greatly to become more feature-rich and flexible.

The swiftly evolving threat environment is in demand of a multi-layered protection strategy that closes the technical and the human gaps as it is necessary for every organization to maximize its email security performance and as well as minimize the risk of falling victim to the most sophisticated attacks like the modular malware.

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DEMARCO BERRY
Demarco Berry is a senior writer for Dark Web Link, covering security, privacy, information freedom, and hacker culture. Before coming to Dark Web Link, he worked as a senior writer for The New York magazine. Demarco has received his bachelor’s degree from Haverford College and a master’s degree from New York University’s business and economic reporting program.

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